Systemic lupus erythematosus-description, symptoms, and treatment methods
Lupus erythematosus is a rare but very dangerous autoimmune disease that affects connective tissues and joints. Almost the entire body suffers, but most of all the kidneys and liver. During the year, isolated cases of the disease are recorded in our country, and around 3 million people are recognized as carriers of the disease worldwide. At the same time, the threshold age when a person is most at risk of getting sick is outlined by a fairly long period – from the teenage age of 16-17 years to 50. At the same time, women among the sick are much more numerous than men. Read more about the disease in the article Passion.ru and Sergey Kudashov’s therapist.
General practitioner of THE niarmedic clinic on Shchukinskaya
The very first symptoms of lupus are redness and rashes with a clear location on the upper part of the face, shaped like a butterfly, they are clearly visible under the eyes, on the cheeks, on the bridge of the nose. Often the rash is accompanied by itching. Such symptoms may occasionally escalate and then subside again. That is why they can be easily confused with any other manifestations, for example, an ordinary Allergy, which not every patient will turn to the doctor. Much more serious symptoms can be considered convulsions, high body temperature, joint inflammation, which can cause unbearable pain. Often with lupus erythematosus, an increase in lymph nodes, a strong headache, ulceration on the oral mucosa, and a violation of the digestive system are recorded.
Patients develop specific antinuclear antibodies-immunoglobulins, which indicate immune disorders in the patient. In this case, the markers of lupus erythematosus are LE cells. They can be found in the blood of a person at the initial stage of the disease or during an exacerbation. The analysis is performed both at the initial treatment for diagnosis and to control the effectiveness during treatment.
Despite the fact that theoretically several types of lupus differ in medicine, most often in Russia, doctors deal with SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus) – this is the most common form, which affects up to 90% of all patients. Also distinguish:
neonatal lupus is a disease of newborns that are infected through the placental blood flow from the mother;
skin – in which only the skin is affected, without serious systemic failures in the body
medicinal – this form is provoked by taking medications.
Causes of occurrence
Lupus erythematosus is an incurable disease, its etiology (causes) is still not fully understood by doctors, which is why scientists have called SLE the most complex disease in the world. Immune disorders, on the basis of which pathology is born, are based on an autoimmune reaction, in which immune cells, instead of fighting pathogenic viruses, recognize their own as foreign and attack them.
Heredity is one of the decisive factors that affects the development of the disease in humans. But you can not say that only with an unfavorable history of the disease can develop. Lifestyle, stressful situations, various acquired infections and the severity of their consequences, Smoking, alcohol, excess body weight, as well as certain medications can be provocateurs of the disease. In turn, it can worsen with a long stay in the sun: ultraviolet light, heat and high humidity are the most favorable conditions for the development of the disease.
As you know, the 20th century was a turning point in the development of medicine. In particular, the survival rates of patients diagnosed with lupus erythematosus have significantly improved, and cases of disability have decreased. The latest drugs, techniques, and supportive medication help to stop severe symptoms and stop the destruction of internal organs and tissues.