Painful menstruation: causes, symptoms, and ways to get rid of the disease
In medicine, pain syndrome of different intensity, accompanying menstruation is called algomenorea. There can be many reasons: from a psychological factor to a number of pathologies.
There is hardly a woman who feels strong and energetic during menstruation. It is understandable: the lower abdomen is treacherously aching, the lower back hurts, irritability increases… Up to 70% of women complain of discomfort during menstruation. 10% percent are even worse: they experience a pronounced pain syndrome in the first day, accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, fever and chills. The pain can be so severe that in rare cases it reaches fainting.
Painful periods are often a hereditary situation. If your mother was faced with a pronounced pain syndrome during menstruation, most likely you are also not the best way to experience them. Often after childbirth, the pain passes. But not always.
head of the women’s health Department of the MEDSI Clinical and diagnostic center on Krasnaya Presnya, obstetrician-gynecologist
Who is at risk?
“The reason is often that a woman may have a reduced pain threshold and increased sensitivity of endometrial receptors to prostaglandins – substances that regulate uterine contractions and the intensity of pain sensation. Of course, the psychogenic factor plays a role, as well as the physiological type of a woman – more often it is an asthenic type with a labile nervous system and increased anxiety. Endometrial rejection occurs in all women, but not all of them cause severe pain.”
If a large blood loss occurs during menstruation, iron supplements may be prescribed. On the days of monthly periods, it is definitely not necessary to engage in power loads. It is important not to overwork, get enough sleep and rest, and avoid severe stressful situations.
The types algomenorea
light, does not require medication for pain relief;
heavy. Tablets do not help, performance is impaired.
How can I help myself?
According to our expert, it is better to use NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) for pain relief. They are more effective because they reduce the level of prostaglandins. You can also use spasmolytics, if it gives the desired effect. The pain should be relieved within two to three hours.
In any case, if you suffer from menstruation every month, you should consult a gynecologist for advice. After all, in some cases, the cause of pain may be organic pathology:
pelvic inflammatory disease.
It will be useful to visit not only a gynecologist, but also an endocrinologist to check the hormonal background.
During a gynecological examination, the doctor will determine the position and size of the uterus, appendages, and the presence of changes in the anatomical location of the internal genitals. You may need a pelvic ultrasound. Having determined the causes of algomenorrhea, you can start treatment. It is possible that there is an inflammatory process. If there are no diseases, you should adjust your lifestyle during critical days. Less nervous, ask if possible to work this day from home, give up physical activity, alcohol, and do not set yourself up in advance for “hell of a pain”. If in your case it is a psychological factor, then the overall mood is important.