Mysterious Lyme disease: pathogens, symptoms and difficulties in diagnosis
Recently, Lyme disease or tick-borne borreliosis has been leading the search engines. And all because of the recent statement of Justin Bieber, who has been fighting this infectious disease for two years. We discussed with the expert what forms this disease can take and remembered which of the Hollywood stars became its victim.
The name of the disease was a town in old Lyme in the United States, where borreliosis was first diagnosed in 1975. Then the doctor asked the two women, whose children were “juvenile rheumatoid arthritis”. The same diagnosis was made for several adults.Studies have found that the disease occurs after the suction of an ixodic tick, with arthritis often combined with migrating ring-shaped erythema. That is, in appearance (at least in the eyes of ordinary people), a “harmless” tick bite can turn into serious health problems. If the tick is infected, of course.
doctor of medical Sciences, Professor, infectious diseases specialist at the MEDSI clinical and diagnostic center on Belorusskaya
“Lyme disease, or tick-borne borreliosis , is an infectious disease caused by Borrelia bacteria. They enter the skin, multiply within a few days, then spread to the internal organs. The tick can be a carrier of bacteria, viruses that cause human diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis, ehrlichiosis and anaplamosis.”
According to the doctor, Ixodes ticks are extremely common. If tick-borne encephalitis is still more “tied” to certain regions, such as Siberia, Karelia, and the Leningrad region, then as for ticks infected with Borrelia, they are everywhere. In Moscow, including.
How infection occurs
A harmless walk in the Park or a picnic in nature can turn into a sucking tick, which is so easy to miss. Ixodic mites-carriers of Borrelia – are a constant source of danger of infection with this infection. From the moment of suction to the appearance of the first symptoms, recalls Margarita Nagibina, it can take up to 30 days.
Symptoms of the disease can easily be mistaken for signs of another disease, so Lyme disease is not always diagnosed in a timely manner. Recall that the singer Avril Lavigne was diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome for a long time. Other victims of tick-borne borreliosis have included Hollywood celebrities such as Bella Hadid, Ashley Olsen, Kelly Osbourne, Alec Baldwin, Ben Stiller and others. And almost no one was diagnosed on time!
According to Alex Baldwin, he suffered from the disease for 17 years and mentally said goodbye to life more than once, because the signs of the disease can exhaust anyone. Once again, we recall the symptoms of Lyme disease, which are so easily confused with others:
Rash on the body.
High temperature, fever and chills.
Pain in the muscles and joints.
Constant fatigue and loss of energy.
In winter, there is no threat to meet a tick in our latitudes. But with the onset of heat, you will need to be vigilant. Going to the forest, try to cover the body as much as possible, choosing light clothing as possible, because it is very difficult to notice the hidden pathogen on the black one.
After returning home, you should carefully examine your clothes, sometimes a tick hiding in the folds of clothing can bite a person the next day. If on your return from the forest or from a walk in the Park you find a clinging pathogen on the skin, it is important to immediately seek advice from an infectious disease doctor, who will send the removed tick to the laboratory. If it turns out that the tick is infected, you will be prescribed timely treatment. This is much better than removing the insect yourself and safely forgetting about the incident. The risk is great.