Stress, hormones and other causes of hair loss that you need to know about
By the age of 35, about 40% of women begin to notice signs of hair loss and thinning. Endocrine diseases, heredity, malnutrition and stress only make the situation worse. Read about how to stop hair loss and return a full head of hair in the article Passion.ru.
Causes of hair loss
Intense hair loss or alopecia can develop at any age for many reasons, from health conditions to the adverse effects of factors such as ecology, stress, poor nutrition, uncontrolled medication, and others.
This may surprise some, but intense hair loss does not happen overnight. This process is almost always preceded by hormonal changes, stress, infection, and a number of other causes. As a rule, hair loss occurs only 3-6 months after the event that triggered the loss.
Because of the inability to establish a relationship between hair loss and previous events, we begin to sound the alarm. Whereas in order to determine the cause of hair loss, you only need to rewind the time six months ago.
Seasonal hair loss usually occurs in the fall and is absolutely normal, of course, with the proviso that the woman does not suffer from iron deficiency anemia and hormonal disorders.
The fact is that every hair on our head grows according to its own “schedule”. In the fall, there is a kind of “docking”, and the hair begins to grow and fall out at the same time. This phenomenon is very similar to the process of molting in animals. This hair loss lasts about three months and passes by itself, without requiring specific treatment.
Hair loss after stress
Not many people attach importance to this, but stress and emotional overload are among the most common causes of hair loss. Our hair lives according to a programmed cycle that includes 3 phases: growth, rest and loss.
With sudden severe stress, special hormones begin to be produced. Their release disrupts the blood supply and provokes a slowdown in hair growth. Most of the follicles enter the resting phase. And a few months after a stressful event, all the “resting” follicles “drop” their hair at about the same time. That’s when we see their excessive loss.
Hormonal hair loss
Postpartum alopecia is a typical manifestation of hormonal hair loss. Despite the fact that many women begin to sound the alarm when they notice hair falling out in handfuls within a few months after giving birth, this is a normal physiological reaction of our body.
The fact is that during pregnancy, the hair begins to grow intensively. Thanks to the placenta, an additional organ that produces hormones, the amount of hair on the head increases by about 10% .
With the birth of a child, the body is deprived of such natural nourishment as placental hormones, and a woman faces intense hair loss, which is sometimes aggravated by lactation. However, over time, the hair growth cycle restores, it can take from a few months to two years.
Another reason for alopecia can be the abrupt cancellation of hormonal drugs, many of which create a favorable background for hair growth. In this case, the doctor individually decides whether to prescribe replacement therapy.
Androgenic hair loss
This is a chronic form of female baldness caused by fluctuations in the endocrine background. This is often caused by ovarian and adrenal dysfunction, which leads to a hormonal imbalance, dramatically increasing the amount of androgens in the body.
Androgens, male hormones, shorten the life cycle of the hair. Under their influence the hair follicles constrict and stop the development, resulting in hair loss on the male type.
Androgenic hair loss can also be caused by a hereditary predisposition. In any case, this diagnosis can only be made by a doctor, after a comprehensive examination.
Diagnosis and treatment
If you notice that your hair has started to fall out intensively, do not panic. First, try to count the hair that has fallen out during the day. Those that were left on the pillow in the morning fell out when washing your hair and combing, as well as during the day. Normally, 100 to 120 hairs fall out per day.
If the hair loss is significantly greater and it is not related to physiological seasonal loss, seek professional support. Moreover, you should not seek help from a hairdresser, but from a trichologist, who is a doctor of narrow specialization that combines cosmetology, dermatology and endocrinology.
Before starting treatment, the trichologist will make an initial diagnosis. A competent doctor always starts with collecting anamnesis, as well as a detailed blood test and hair analysis for vitamin and mineral balance. If the results of these tests for some reason are not enough, to clarify the picture, the trichologist can prescribe an ultrasound examination of internal organs and an immunogram.
Based on the results of tests, the doctor selects individual comprehensive treatment for each patient, depending on the identified problems. These may be medications for hormone normalization, iron-deficiency anemia, b vitamins for intramuscular use, and some others.
Also today in pharmacies you can buy effective pharmaceutical products for hair loss for daily external use. They not only fight the problem of hair loss, but also promote hair growth. However, these tools have one significant drawback – they must be used constantly, since when you cancel the reception, a relapse of hair loss immediately occurs.
Salon treatments, such as mesotherapy, can also help improve the effectiveness of treatment. It stimulates the formation of hair follicles and promotes the growth of new hair.
And for home care, follicle-stimulating shampoos and masks are suitable, which include extracts of substances such as nettle, chamomile, Cayenne pepper and menthol.
If we talk about seasonal hair loss, this process, unfortunately, can not be stopped even by the most aggressive treatment. During this period, you can only take care of the health of the hair that will grow instead of fallen out. In this case, good helpers can be b vitamins, as well as the minerals zinc and selenium.
The best prevention of hair loss is a healthy lifestyle, in particular a balanced diet. For lovers of dieting, the only way to save hair is to make up for the deficiencies of minerals and vitamins that they lack with food.
To find out exactly what elements are missing from the hair, a special analysis will help – a mineralogram, the results of which should be guided when choosing vitamin and mineral complexes.
According to the content of chemical elements in the hair, it is also easy to understand which foods should be preferred.
As practice shows, products that contain magnesium and silicon are useful. These elements are rich in apricots, raisins, prunes, almonds, cashews, cocoa, green tea, parsley, radishes, legumes, and mushrooms. Algae, shellfish and fish are a good help in preventing hair loss. Don’t forget to include vegetable oil, eggs, and meat in your diet.
Well, try to avoid stress by all means.